Inherent Resolve is the U. S. and allied campaign that targets military operations against the Islamic State terrorist organization.
The area of eligibility, or AOE, for the campaign encompasses the land areas of Iraq and Syria, and the contiguous waters of each of those countries extending out to 12 nautical miles, and the airspace above those land areas and water.
The new medal was established by an executive order and secretary of defense memo on March 30, 2016, and in the Defense Department military decorations manual on May 15.
Soldiers qualify for the medal if they were permanently assigned, attached or detailed to a unit operating in the AOE for 30 consecutive days, or 60 non-consecutive days, and who meet one of the following criteria, regardless of time spent in the AOE:
• Was engaged in combat during an armed engagement in the AOE.
• Was wounded, injured or killed, and medically evacuated from the AOE, while engaged in an operation or on official duties.
Inherent Resolve Campaign Medal
According to the United States Army Institute of Heraldry's website, the medal's mailed fist and dagger represent "strength and courage in the defense of liberty and freedom". The scorpion being impaled was chosen because, "The scorpion, symbolic for treachery and destruction, is found on most major land masses."
The center of the ribbon is orange in color, surrounded by tan and blue, deriving its hues from the Ishtar Gate and the color ofSouthwestern Eurasian topography, which is primarily sand.